Friday, 8 December 2023

How to Make Croissants at Home

09 May 2023

How to Make Croissants at Home

Croissants are a classic French pastry that can be enjoyed any time of the day. Making croissants at home may seem daunting, but it can be a fun and rewarding experience. In this article, we will guide you through the steps to make croissants from scratch. From making the dough to shaping and baking, we will cover everything you need to know to make the perfect croissant.


To make croissants, you will need the following ingredients:
  • 3 cups all-purpose flour
  • ¼ cup granulated sugar
  • 1 tablespoon active dry yeast
  • 1 ¼ cups cold unsalted butter
  • 1 ½ teaspoons salt
  • 1 cup cold whole milk


You will also need the following equipment:
  • Stand mixer with a dough hook attachment
  • Rolling pin
  • Pastry brush
  • Bench scraper
  • Parchment paper
  • Baking sheet
  • Plastic wrap

Making the Dough

  1. In a large bowl, combine the flour, sugar, and yeast. Mix well.
  2. Add the salt and mix again.
  3. Cut the cold butter into small cubes and add them to the flour mixture. Mix until the butter is coated in flour.
  4. Slowly add the cold milk while mixing on low speed.
  5. Once the dough comes together, increase the speed to medium and mix for 5 minutes.
  6. Transfer the dough to a floured surface and shape it into a rectangle.
  7. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate for 30 minutes.

Rolling and Folding the Dough

  1. Remove the dough from the refrigerator and place it on a floured surface.
  2. Roll the dough out into a large rectangle, about ¼ inch thick.
  3. Fold the dough in thirds like a letter.
  4. Turn the dough 90 degrees and roll it out again into a large rectangle.
  5. Fold the dough in thirds again.
  6. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate for 30 minutes.
  7. Repeat the rolling and folding process two more times, chilling the dough for 30 minutes between each fold.

Shaping the Croissants

  1. Remove the dough from the refrigerator and roll it out into a large rectangle, about ⅛ inch thick.
  2. Cut the dough into triangles with a base of about 4 inches and a height of about 8 inches.
  3. Cut a small slit in the center of the base of each triangle.
  4. Roll each triangle up tightly from the base to the tip.
  5. Bend the ends of the triangle to form a crescent shape.
  6. Place the shaped croissants on a parchment-lined baking sheet.

Proofing the Croissants

  1. Cover the croissants with plastic wrap and let them proof at room temperature for 1-2 hours, or until they have doubled in size.
  2. Preheat your oven to 400°F.

Baking the Croissants

  1. Beat an egg in a small bowl and brush the egg wash onto the croissants.
  2. Bake the croissants for 15-20 minutes, or until they are golden brown and crispy.
  3. Remove the croissants from the oven and let them cool on a wire rack.
Croffle (ครอฟเฟิล) ที่มาความอร่อย

Tips and Tricks

  • Use cold butter and milk to keep the dough from becoming too soft.
  • Chill the dough between each rolling and folding step to prevent the butter from melting.
  • If the dough becomes too warm or difficult to work with, refrigerate it for a few minutes before continuing.
  • Be patient during the proofing process. Croissants require time to rise and develop their characteristic flakiness.
  • For a richer flavor, try adding chocolate, almond paste, or ham and cheese filling to your croissants before rolling and shaping.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can I use a food processor instead of a stand mixer to make the dough?
  • Yes, a food processor can also be used to make the dough. Pulse the flour, sugar, and yeast together, then add the cubed butter and pulse until the mixture resembles coarse sand. Slowly add the milk while pulsing until the dough comes together.
  1. Can I freeze croissants before baking?
  • Yes, shaped croissants can be frozen before baking. Place them on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper and freeze until solid, then transfer them to a freezer-safe container or bag. When ready to bake, let them thaw in the refrigerator overnight and then proof and bake as usual.
  1. How long do croissants last?
  • Freshly baked croissants can be stored at room temperature for up to 2 days or in the refrigerator for up to a week. They can also be frozen for up to 2 months.
  1. Can I use margarine instead of butter?
  • While margarine can be used in place of butter, it may affect the flavor and texture of the croissants. Butter is recommended for the best results.
  1. Why do croissants require so much folding and rolling?
  • The multiple layers of butter and dough create pockets of air that give croissants their flaky texture. The rolling and folding process helps to distribute the butter evenly throughout the dough and create distinct layers.

What is the History Behind Croissants and How Did They Become Popular?

Croissant history dates back to the 17th century when they were first introduced in Austria. The crescent-shaped delicacy gained popularity after it was brought to France in the 19th century. French bakers perfected the technique, creating the flaky, buttery pastries we know today. Croissants have since become iconic, loved worldwide for their delicious taste and versatile nature.


Making croissants at home may seem intimidating, but with the right ingredients, equipment, and techniques, anyone can create this classic French pastry. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can make delicious, flaky croissants that are sure to impress your friends and family. So put on some music, roll up your sleeves, and get ready to create a bakery-worthy treat in the comfort of your own kitchen.